Feminism is concerned with gender inequalities in society and the equal rights for women. This encases social, cultural and political movements, theories and moral philosophies that affect girls in everyday life. Feminism also takes up the struggle against other forms of discrimination. For many people the feminist movement came in three waves starting from the 19th century to the present day.
The first wave occurred between the 19th and early 20th centuries, beginning in the United Kingdom and United States. Their primary concerns were with equivalent contract and property rights for women. The Suffrage movement started at the end of the 19th century, with the principal focus being on gaining political power and the right for women to vote. The second was during the 1960’s and 1970’s were political and cultural inequalities were bound together as difficulty faced by girls.
The start of the third wave began in the early 1990’s to the current day and slams the failure of the next wave. They deem the preceding wave to be too concentrated on the upper middle class white women’s perspectives and experiences. It had been argued and is that through the history of feminism the vast majority of the leaders have been white middle class women from Western Europe or North America. Thus alienating women of different colors and races, which was said in a speech given to US Feminists by ex black servant”Sojourner Truth” in 1851. Sojourner purports that as a black woman she’s seen as even lower than white lady.
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Women of other races set up other feminist groups which gained more followers from the 1960’s civil rights movement in america. Post-colonial and Third World feminism proposed options, together with the post-colonial feminist slamming western feminism for being ethnocentric. The definition of ethnocentrism will be discussed in a subsequent article. In the 1980’s feminists realised that an understanding of global issues which also effect women of different races, cultural and colours was essential to understanding gender inequality. This could show that racism, homophobia and classis are inherent in society and the way they control women.
The Feminist political activists have challenged and attracted women issues into the forefront of people’s conceptions while also producing disagreement. They changed laws in girls right to property and contract and the right to physical integrity and freedom. This includes the right for a woman to have an abortion and the right to access and take contraception. Furthermore they are advocates for the protection of women from domestic violence, rape and sexual harassment. Also rights for women in the workplace and the legal right for maternity leave and equal pay.