What Are Fibroids?

Image of a woman in a white dress and 3d model of the reproductive system of women above her hands. Concept of a healthy female reproductive system.

About 20-30percent of women will develop fibroids. By the time girls reach their 50s, a whopping 80 outside 100 women will develop fibroids. Fibroids or uterine leiomyomata, are growths or tumors composed of muscle cells and other cells that grow within the wall of the uterus. They can also grow on the inside or on the exterior of the uterus.


Fibroids are sometimes called tumors but are largely benign or non-cancerous. Fibroids can alter in size; they could be small like a pea or as large as a small melon. Many women do not even know they have them. Women that are in childbearing age can develop fibroids. It’s been proven that African-American girls have a greater risk of developing fibroids. They also tend to have fibroids at an earlier age compared to other cultural groups.

There’s a slightly higher risk for girls to develop fibroids if they’re overweightnonetheless, if you’ve had a kid, you risk may be reduced. Fibroids often don’t cause any symptoms, and that’s the reason why most women don’t know they have them. Symptoms may also be mild, like a heavier period. The fibroids may be big enough to press organs, and then they may begin interfering with your life.


Symptoms then may incorporate a lengthy gushing period and a great deal of cramping. Sometimes women feel a sense of fullness in their belly. They can receive low back pain and pain during intercourse. Sometimes they get an urge to urinate frequently. If you have fibroids and get heavy bleeding during your period, then it might lead anemia. Anemia results from a deficiency of iron in your blood. Suffering from anemia may make you tired and weak.

Sometimes, having fibroids can make it more challenging for you to get pregnant. They may also cause problems during pregnancy, including a miscarriage or premature labour. Doctors don’t know for certain what causes fibroids. There are a number of theories, but researchers think it might be a result of several factors interacting with one another. The variables could be hormonal, genetic, ecological or perhaps a combination of three variables. Since they don’t understand what causes the fibroids, they also don’t understand how they grow or shrink.

Did you know?

Most of the time the fibroids shrink after menopause, but not all of the time. Fibroids are often diagnosed after taking a record of complaints from the patient and then doing a rectal examination. The doctor may gauge the size of your uterus. They may say you have a uterus the size of a 12-week pregnancy. An ultrasound may also be performed. Some doctors request a CT scans or a MRI. The doctor may also require some bloodwork to be done to check for anemia.


Treatments for fibroids vary. If the fibroids aren’t bothering you, then you don’t need any treatment. You’ll be assessed at your regular visits to see if they’d gotten larger or smaller. If the symptoms are bothersome, then you might want to consider surgery. You’ll have time to consider your choices since fibroids grow gradually.