When To Use Hot And Cold Therapy?

Close up of female legs getting into ice cold water

Sports medicine professionals see all kinds of accidents, and orthopedic ones are especially common. In several instances, these kinds of injuries are treated with either cold or hot therapy. There are significant differences between warm and cold therapy, and it’s essential to understand which ailments require these remedies.

What’s Cold Therapy?

Cold therapy simply describes applying a cold compress to an accident. Sports medicine professionals utilize this procedure, sometimes called”cryotherapy,” to constrict the blood vessels to promote healing. After getting hurt, the body naturally tries to start healing itself. To be able to achieve this, it is going to rush blood to the area and supply extra oxygen and other nutrients to heal the wound.

This procedure also activates the immune system by rushing white blood cells to fight the harm. The downside to this procedure is that it causes swelling, which may result in pain and the inability to move the injured area. Applying a cold compress to such areas can impede the swelling and reduce pain. Cold therapy should be used to take care of anything that’s acute. This includes areas that are red, warm, or swollen. It shouldn’t be used to treat any residual soreness after the first injury.

What’s Hot Therapy?

Heat therapy, also referred to as thermotherapy, has the reverse effect of cold. Heat causes blood vessels to open and expand. It calms the skeletal and soft muscle tissue by increasing the flow of fluids that are significant throughout the vessels that provide oxygen to the wound so that it may cure. The open vessels also offer a means to eliminate damaged cells which happen when a wound is healing.

Heat is typically used on aches which are at least one or two days old or on chronic pain. Take care when using heat, as burns to the skin may result if the compress is left on the region for a long time period. Is a Doctor Necessary? Seeing a physician or sports medicine professional for these kinds of injuries will depend on their seriousness. Once function in the extremity is lost, it’s most definitely time to seek medical care.

Chronic pain also needs to be handled medically. If a bone might possibly be broken, it’s vital to seek the advice of a physician. Any wound that seems as though it’s not healing in a sensible manner should also be analyzed to make sure that further damage to the body doesn’t occur. In regards to orthopedic injuries, the best path to take is to find a physician or sports medicine professional. However, for people who prefer to take therapy in their own hands, it’s very important to understand when hot and cold treatment is acceptable. Understanding the rationale behind theses procedures will improve the patient’s chances of a complete recovery.