Like adults, headaches can also affect children. Clinicians will take any child who complains about a headache seriously, especially if they are under five years old. * This article is focused on children who have a headache as their sole complaint. A headache is a condition where people complain of pain in their head, forehead, or neck. The skull bone houses the brain. The scalp is the skin that covers the head. The scalp is covered by many nerves, muscles, and blood vessels.
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Headaches can be caused by emotions, good and bad. Bad emotions can cause headaches more often than good ones. The frontalis muscle extends over the forehead, while the occipitalis covers most of the back. The temporalis muscle can be found on the sides of your head. The masseter muscle is located in the cheek area, while parts of the trapezius muscles extend to the upper neck.
Nearby nerves pick-up noxious tensions and transmit them to pain awareness center of brain. A migraine headache is not caused by tension headaches, which are known to be caused by tightening of the neck and head muscles. It is believed that the migraine headaches are caused by a disturbance in the brain’s physiological and biological elements, such as hormones, peptides and dilatation of brain blood vessels.
Many illnesses can also cause headaches. Headaches can also be caused by ear infections, sinus infection and throat infections, as well as toothache, toothache, malaria, and other illnesses. Once the illness is over, this type of headache will disappear.
- Let’s take the example of a 17-year-old girl who has suffered from headaches for several months. She listens to music all night and wears music earphones. Her headache was caused by constant exposure to music and a lack of sleep.
- An 18-year-old boy presented with a headache the first time. He attends school from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m., then works in a factory between 6 p.m. and 11 p.m. Between school and work, he has many personal errands.
- There is also a nine-year old male whose mother picks him up twice a day from school due to headaches in class. When he gets a headache, he throws up. He is sensitive to light and sound during headache episodes. His grandmother and mother have suffered from migraine headaches for their entire lives. The child went to see a neurologist who sent him for imaging and MRI of his brain. This was all normal. I confirmed that he was suffering from migraines and began preventative medication. If a child complains of a headache that is intermittent, whether it happens daily, weekly, or monthly, the practitioner should consider one of these conditions.
- Is the child simply repeating what they have heard from their closest caregiver, such as a grandmother, mother or older sister who says “I have a headache”? Because men are more likely to internalize pain, I have chosen women.
- Does the child really have a common-type headache? This is also known as a tension headache. It is something that many adults experience. The headache sufferer feels a dull, aching sensation and pressure on the forehead, sides, back, and neck. Is there a particular kind of headache called migraine headache that is common in the family? It can last for hours, is more severe when exposed to light and sound, affects one side of the head and can be accompanied or preceded with nausea, vomiting, and tummy-ache. Is there a more serious medical condition, such as bleeding in the brain or infection around the brain in children under five? A headache that starts early in the morning and keeps the child awake at night. It can also be accompanied by sneezing, coughing, or passing stools.
- Is this a unique headache or a severe headache that is more severe than any previous pain? This could indicate a potentially fatal condition, such as bleeding in the brain or ballooning or aneurysms of brain vessels, and other surgical emergencies.