La ménopause arrive-t-elle ? Lisez-moi !

Tempeh au chili et épinards sur une planche à découper en bois dans la cuisine

is a natural part of life and doesn’t necessarily require treatment. You will need to be informed of your choices. Symptoms and health risks associated with low estrogen can be treated, often, in natural ways which don’t include drug associated risks.


Lorsqu'une femme cesse d'avoir ses règles et que ses ovaires cessent définitivement de produire des ovules, elle entre dans une période de sa vie appelée ménopause. La ménopause est considérée comme complète lorsqu'une femme n'a pas eu ses règles pendant une année complète. La ménopause peut survenir à tout moment entre 40 et 58 ans, mais l'âge moyen est de 51 ans. La ménopause est une partie naturelle de la vie et un processus lent. Les ovaires commencent à produire des niveaux plus faibles d'hormones avant la ménopause, à un stade appelé périménopause. Si la ménopause survient avant l'âge de 40 ans, on parle de ménopause prématurée.

Un facteur de risque

It is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or illness. Numerous physical and psychological symptoms may occur as menopause approaches. Your health care provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical examination. Blood tests, a pelvic exam, and a Pap smear may also be performed. Natural menopause is usually diagnosed when a woman hasn’t had a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months. If a had a hysterectomy before menopause, and no longer has periods, menopause might be suspected. It can be verified by means of an FSH test. This test is considered the most accurate for the diagnosis of menopause. It’s the measurement of follicle stimulating hormone. High levels of FSH (greater than 40) may indicate menopause. Menopause is a natural part of life and doesn’t automatically require treatment.

Bon à savoir

Symptoms and health risks associated with low estrogen can be treated. These include hot flashes, , and osteoporosis. Be certain you completely understand the advantages and risk before beginning HRT. A lot of different types of hormones can be found. These include natural, artificial, and plant-derived estrogens and . Combined therapies could contain combinations of estrogen and progesterone; or the inclusion of small amounts of male hormones. Hormone preparations are available as pills, gels, skin patches, vaginal rings, vaginal tablets, injections, and pellets inserted into the skin.

Il existe des preuves scientifiques significatives que les risques internationaux pour la santé associés à un THS combiné œstrogène et progestérone à long terme (sur 3 à 5 ans) l'emportent sur les avantages pour de nombreuses femmes. L'âge moyen des participantes à ces études de recherche est de plus de 60 ans. L'utilisation d'un THS combiné au moment de la ménopause (vers 50 ans) peut présenter moins de risques. En outre, la majorité de ces études ont utilisé des œstrogènes conjugués et de la médroxyprogestérone.

Other evidence indicates that use of estradiol and natural progesterone may pose less risk. A high intake of (or plant estrogens) can help menopausal women. Phytoestrogens are found in soybeans, black cohosh, whole grains, legumes, tempeh, and seed. They’re also found in concentration in capsule form. Phytoestrogens may lower the risk for diseases associated with estrogen. Diet can play a significant and beneficial roll. A healthy diet during menopause can enhance a woman’s sense of well-being, and might also lower the risk of , osteoporosis, and certain cancers. The diet should be low in fat and high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, , and vitamin D. Low-fat doesn’t mean no-fat. Some fats, particularly the Omega-3 fats are crucial. High use of caffeine or alcohol is never a great option. Cutting back on caffeine and alcohol may reduce symptoms of stress, insomnia, and loss of calcium.

Arrêtez de fumer !

There are no health benefits derived from smoking. Giving up smoking can reduce the risk of premature menopause, cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis. A healthy lifestyle should adopt regular . It could reduce hot flashes. Weight-bearing exercises like walking, climbing stairs, and resistance exercises like lifting weights help strengthen bones and reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Stress management can help ease tension, anxiety, and possibly other psychiatric symptoms. Deep breathing, massage, hot baths, and silent music are relaxation methods that may lessen anxiety. Moisturizers and lubricants are utilised to help vaginal dryness. Certain blood pressure medications taken in lower doses than are used to treat hypertension are somewhat helpful in relieving some menopausal symptoms like hot flashes.


These medications shouldn’t be used if you are taking tamoxifen to decrease risk of breast cancer recurrence. Menopause doesn’t have to be prevented. It’s a natural biological event. If you smoke, quitting could marginally delay the onset of menopause.


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