¿Qué opciones de tratamiento existen para los síntomas de la menopausia?

Senior woman sitting on the floor on exercise mat in front of laptop and training at home

Menopause simply refers to a female’s end of menstruation. Commonly the term is used to refer to the full time span during which ovarian function declines and menstruation stops. Sometime around forty, a lady might see that her period is different – just how long it lasts, how much she bleeds, or how frequently it occurs may not be exactly the same.


However with decent treatment and good personal hygiene, the symptoms many girls experience entering and residing with menopause could be greatly reduced. In taking a look at the potential treatment options for managing menopause, it must be noted that there isn’t any doubt that the severity of menopausal symptoms is a physiological phenomenon and is influenced only slightly by a woman’s emotional adjustment, satisfaction with her life, anxiety or tranquility over aging or similar issues.

Sometimes, menopause symptoms go away over time without treatment, but there is no way to know when. Generally, eating a nutritious diet and exercising at menopause and beyond are important for a woman to feel and be at her very best. Most women don’t require any special treatment for menopause. However, some women may have menopause symptoms that require treatment. Several remedies are available. It’s ideal to discuss treatment options with her doctor so as to receive the best possible treatment. It must be noted that there’s no one treatment that’s great for all women. If used correctly, hormone treatment (once referred to as hormone replacement therapy or HRT) is one approach to take care of the harder symptoms of menopause. It’s the only therapy that’s approved by the FDA for treating harder hot flashes and vaginal dryness.

Equilibrio hormonal

Hormone treatment most commonly involves estrogen, or estrogen combined with progestin, a synthetic form of progesterone. There are various types of hormone therapies that could greatly alleviate the symptoms of menopause, but no decision about hormone treatment ought to be made without careful, patient evaluation and discussion with a physician. This is a result of the fact that like with all treatments, hormone treatment has both potential benefits and potential risks.

Fewer than half of women that are post-menopausal are on hormone therapy, regardless of the apparent, even life-prolonging advantages many girls could receive from this therapy. However, hormone therapy isn’t for every woman. Women are complicated individuals; personalities and tastes differ, and so do responses to hormonal intervention. Tailoring the hormonal replacement to a person’s individual needs is important. A woman deciding to use HT should use lowest dose which helps and for the shortest time needed. A check with the physician is essential after each six month to find out whether hormone therapy continuation remains crucial.


Some benefits of hormone therapy include the reduction of hot flashes; treatment of vaginal dryness; slow down of bone loss; and sleep enhancement (thus decreasing mood swings). However, for some women, hormone treatment increases the odds of blood clots, heart attack, stroke, breast cancer and gall bladder disease. Specifically, women who believe they are pregnant; experiencing problems with vaginal bleeding; have had certain types of cancer (such as breast and uterine cancer; have experienced a stroke or heart attack; have had blood clots; have liver disease and have heart disease shouldn’t take hormone therapy for menopause.

Hormone therapy could also lead to vaginal bleeding, bloating, breast tenderness or swelling, headaches, mood changes and nausea. Some women may opt to take herbal or alternative plant-based products to help alleviate hot flashes. Soy contains phytoestrogens (compounds that are like estrogen).

But, there’s absolutely not any evidence that soy – or alternative sources of phytoestrogens – really does make hot flashes better. And the dangers of taking soy – based mainly soy tablets and powders – aren’t known. The top sources of soy are foods like tofu, tempeh, soy milk, and soy nuts. These soy products are more inclined to work on mild hot flashes. Other sources of phytoestrogens include herbs like black cohosh, wild yam, dong quai, and valerian root.

Again, there’s absolutely not any evidence that these herbs (or tablets or lotions containing these herbs) help with hot flashes. Products that come from plants may sound like they are secure, but there’s no proof they really are. There also is no evidence that they’re better at helping symptoms of menopause. A woman should be certain to discuss these kinds of products with her physician before taking them. She must tell her doctor about other medications she’s taking, because some plant compounds could be harmful when combined with other medications.


Regular physical exercise, particularly brisk walking (a 15-minute mile) and swimming, helps keep bones and muscles strong. A woman should first speak to her doctor to find out what’s best for her. The objective is to exercise regularly so that you can lower the risk of severe illness (such as heart disease or diabetes) and keep a healthy weight. Additionally, high-intensity exercise of any type (including walking) counteracts osteoporosis, and swimming aids arthritis (in helping flexibility).

Exercise maintains muscle tone and cardiovascular capacity, and also gives a feeling of overall well-being and burns additional calories. Some women report that eating or drinking hot or spicy foods, alcohol, or caffeine, feeling stressed, or being in a hot place can cause hot flashes. Try to avoid any triggers that bring on your hot flashes. Dress in layers, and keep a fan in your home or workplace.

Regular exercise may also ease hot flashes, but occasionally exercise can result in a hot flash. If hot flashes persist and hormone treatment isn’t feasible, ask your doctor about taking an antidepressant or epilepsy medication. There’s evidence that these can alleviate hot flashes for many women. A water-based, over-the-counter vaginal lubricant (like KY Jelly) can be useful if sex is painful.

A vaginal moisturizer (also over-the-counter) can provide lubrication and keep needed moisture from vaginal tissues. Really bad vaginal dryness may require hormone therapy. If vaginal dryness is the sole reason for considering hormone treatment, an estrogen product for your vagina would be your ideal alternative. Vaginal estrogen products (lotions, pill ( and ring) treat just the vagina.

Among the best ways of getting a great night’s sleep is to get at least half an hour of physical activity on most days of the week. But, don’t exercise near bedtime. Also avoid large meals, smoking, and working right before bedtime. Caffeine and alcohol should be avoided after noon. Drinking something hot before bedtime, such as herbal tea (no caffeine) or hot milk may enable you to feel tired. Keep your bedroom dark, quiet, and cool, and use your bedroom only for sleeping and sex.

¡Toma nota!

Avoid napping during the day, and attempt to go to bed and get up at the same times daily. If you wake up during the night and can not return to sleep, get up and read until you are sleepy. Don’t just lie there. If hot flashes are the reason for sleep issues, treating the hot flashes will typically improve sleep.

Women, who had mood swings (PMS) before their periods, or postpartum depression after giving birth, may have more mood swings around menopause. These are women that are sensitive to hormone fluctuations. Often the mood swings will go away with time. If a woman is using hormone therapy for hot flashes or a different menopause symptom, sometimes her mood swings will get better, too.

Also, getting enough sleep and staying physically active will enable a girl to feel her best. However, mood swings aren’t the same as depression. As individuals age, their memory isn’t as great as it once was. Some women say that they have “fuzzy thinking” as they reach menopause. This may be brought about by altering hormones and can improve over time.


Getting enough sleep and keeping physically active can help. If memory problems are really bad, a woman may need to speak with her doctor as this isn’t caused by menopause.