The Indian society is a patriarchal society because of the influence of faith. The dominant religion in India is Hinduism and it seems on the girl as inferior to man. This discrimination finds its origins and authoritative interpretation in the Manusmriti. The status and role of women were clearly delineated along with prescriptions for therapy.
Fervent adherence to the smriti text resulted in the rise and domination of the men over the females. Over the centuries and centuries, this negative view of the girl became ingrained in the minds of individuals who started to follow it without question. The results of such a view are terrible as you may imagine. The sad part is that even now, in our post-modern era, such crude mindsets exist, some in their original form while some in a new manner. As our society developed and also the overwhelming influence of ‘western’ culture, the status of girl started to change and grow for the better.
Today, women have almost equal chances as men and are treated much better than their forebears. They aren’t looked on any more as only child bearers, homemakers and so on, but are observed in numerous roles as mother, wife and employee. This however, isn’t universally the case. In some backward areas of the country or in hardcore families, the girl is still looked down upon.
Nonetheless, women have thankfully severed the shackles imposed on them and have emerged as co-partners with guys. Women share with men the job of work. They always have. But somewhere along the way, for some trivial reason, the character of work of people was distinguished and codified into the detriment of the girls. However, with development, mindsets changed and women are now seen quite often, as compared to men, at least in the corporate sector.
While the opportunities are equally available, the challenges that women face, particularly in our nation are much greater than those that men do. In this essay, I will present a few of the challenges that working women face in India. I don’t claim to cover all of the challenges but attempt to present at the most evident and important ones. Women employees generally, aren’t taken very seriously by their own superiors, coworkers, or society at large. They’re regarded as less intelligent perhaps, or if they’re sufficiently qualified, then another trifle functions to denigrate them.
Having a career presents a challenge for women because of their family responsibilities. Traditionally Indian girls were seen only as home manufacturers but in the recent years, appropriate education and better comprehension, as well as the ever increasing cost of living has encouraged them to go out and pursue careers. In a patriarchal society like India it is still considered that a man is the principal bread winner of his loved ones.
Although Indian women have started working outside their houses, they still have a ways to go culturally, socially and economically, to bring in positive attitudinal changes in the mind-sets of individuals. It’s usually perceived that sex bias against working women begins right from the stage of recruitment. Most Indian men aren’t prepared to accept that girls are able to work, apart from at the teaching, nursing and clerical sectors.
Their capabilities are usually underestimated because of that Indian women have a propensity to go for less strenuous tasks even if they’re highly qualified. Women have to juggle between their various roles and this may be quite stressing. Men generally do not offer you any help in the family work and it follows that the burden of family duties is added to the office duties of a female. This makes the life span of working girls extremely stressful.
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It requires a toll on their physical, emotional and mental wellbeing. Among the key causes of women’s work getting increasingly confined to the unorganized sector is that women lack the chance to acquire training and skills that could facilitate occupational shifts. This is linked to the prevailing social relations between women and men in addition to the structure of the market. Since women have to bear the significant burden of domestic chores, which in a poor household is time consuming and labor intensive, they don’t have enough time and opportunity to acquire training and skills for better jobs.
Low skill attainment among women and their consequent relegation to tasks that are labor intensive, time consuming and arduous, is committed by their unequal access to technology. Women are denied rights such as minimum hours and minimum wages, and access to maternity benefits, maternal health care, day care and legal help. There are a lot of areas where women receive no social security benefits. These factors together contribute to the insecurity of women and fortify their inferior status as employees.
Thus, a mixture of economic and social factors are responsible for the low participation rate of girls. A working girl has to combine her national and official obligations in order to ensure as viable a counterpoise as you can. She faces family pressures along with office and other social pressures. Striking a healthy balance between work and domestic life is crucial for a woman. She frequently has to work harder to accomplish the same benefits as a guy. Life for a working girl in India isn’t straightforward. In the towns, merit and eligibility are taken into consideration concerning payment and promotion.
Not the same case
Needless to say, this isn’t always the case. But in villages, discrimination against women remains widespread. An experienced woman would nevertheless be treated and considered lower than her male counterpart, although she outshines or is more capable than him. If a woman takes up a leadership role in the village, she’ll be subject to more abuse and pressure than a guy would be subject also. These few examples indicate the difficulty women face in the villages.
Despite the fact that I’ve said that in the towns merit and eligibility are considered, the picture isn’t quite as rosy as the announcement may make it out to be. In the cities, women might not confront explicit discrimination, but insidious forces are implicitly on the job. Women may lack in physical ability vis-à-vis guys but in all other respects they’re equal to men.
There’s absolutely not any basis for discrimination and equal rights and rights is because of them. Irrespective of socially constructed distinctions, men and women need to be given an equal footing in the workplace. Critics of women employees will discover strong testimony of the capacity of women to deal with both work and home life simply by creating a phenomenological observation or research. There’s absolutely not any excuse for discriminating against women. The law was revised to this end. Women can claim equal rights and fair treatment but the daunting challenges they face stay. Until and unless society, nay each person has a change of mindset, girls will continue to be’weaker sex’. Utopia isn’t on the horizon but change is.