Migraine is a common condition in the United States. It is estimated that 24 million Americans suffer from it. Migraine can be described as a condition that causes throbbing or pulsing pain, usually on one side. Migraines can cause nausea, light sensitivity, sound sensitivity, and a variety of smells.
These are more common in older patients and tend to recur. Migraine attacks usually begin between the ages 10 and 40, though it has been reported that migraine attacks can occur in infants. Some sufferers may experience migraine attacks several times per month. Fortunately, a few sufferers experience only a few attacks in their lives.
Most migraine sufferers are women, and many report suffering from migraines during or before menstruation. Menstrual migraines are also known as migraines during menstruation. They are often caused by hormonal changes, but they rarely occur during pregnancy. However, there are cases of migraines in women who have gone through menopause or during pregnancy. It is not known what causes migraines.
Popular theories suggest that migraines are caused by a series of reactions in the central nervous system, which is usually triggered by changes in the body or the environment. It is possible to trace family members suffering from migraine. Migraine headaches can be described as intense and severe. It is throbbing and pulsating, and can be triggered by routine activities, straining, coughing, or simply moving the head.
Patients often find it difficult to perform daily tasks due to the severity of the pain. Migraine attacks can also occur while sleeping, and sufferers can be awakened by them. An attack can cause a numbing sensation in your hands and lips, which can lead to vision problems for the duration. An attack can cause fatigue and weakness. Migraine attacks usually start on one side of your head and spread to other areas. It can also begin mildly and increase in intensity over a few hours before subsiding gradually. An attack can last up to a day. In severe cases, the attack can last several days.
Because symptoms of migraine can vary, it is difficult to diagnose. Auras, or symptoms that appear right before an attack, are common in migraine sufferers. Auras can manifest as strange sensations like tingling or numbness.
Migraine can easily be managed and treated. To manage migraine, sufferers must identify triggers and avoid them. Acute attacks should always be treated immediately. A preventive medication can also be prescribed by your doctor. It can also be helpful to sleep in complete darkness.