Migraines are one of the most common complaints in medicine. It is a common reason for frequent Emergency Room visits. However, most people who seek treatment for migraine headaches at ER get only partial relief or no relief at all. You will never forget a migraine headache and will do everything to prevent another one. Migraine can be a complex, recurring headache disorder that can present in many ways.
Migraine headache is a pounding, throbbing headache that affects one side of your head. It can also cause visual disturbances like blurred vision, light spots, sound sensitivity, nausea, and light and/or sound sensitivity. It can be very uncomfortable, debilitating, or mildly uncomfortable and can last for hours or even days. An aura, which can manifest as visual disturbances or light sensitivity, may precede it.
Classic migraines are those with an aura. Common migraines are those without aura. Other types include Ocular Migraine and Chronic Paroxysmal Hemicrania, Chronic Daily Migraines, and painless migraines (Acephalic). Women are more likely to suffer from migraines than men.
Around 75% of migraine sufferers in the United States are women, and 70% of those who have suffered from migraines have a first-degree relative. Migraines may be confused with other types such as cluster, tension, cervicogenic and sinus headaches. Brain injury or brain tumors can cause chronic headaches. Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) is another potential cause of migraines. Foramen ovale refers to a small hole in the atrial septum.
It is normal in the heart anatomy of gestation before birth, but should close soon after. It can be called Patent (open), and allows blood from the heart to bypass the lungs and travel to the brain and coronary arteries. This condition increases the risk of strokes. As treatment options can vary, it is important to get a diagnosis.
Although there is no cure for migraines (or any other condition), there are medications that can reduce the severity and frequency of migraines. There are two main types of treatment: preventive and abortive. When migraines occur, abortive medications can be used.
These medications are most effective when taken right away. While we should be cautious about overusing abortive medication, the rebound effect secondary overuse of medication is one of the main causes of chronic headaches. It is not recommended that you take abortive medication more than 8-10 times per calendar month. Preventive medication are taken daily to prevent migraines. A few herbs and supplements have also been shown to be effective in relieving migraines.